Eric Dolphy was an extender. Extending the language of bebop to include all 12 tones and some bends in between, the saxist-flutist-bass clarinetist, by the end of his short life, had stretched jazz rhythms and forms into realms of abstract European modernism. His daring, thrilling solos lit a fire under John Coltrane during a brief 1961 partnership, and he was the preferred firecracker of fellow Angeleno Charles Mingus in the early ’60s.

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